Our knowledge and experience allows us to be responsive and efficient as we navigate our clients through legal matters.

We understand that businesses evolve over time. Our team of business lawyers provides a broad range of corporate legal services to clients, from small owner-operated businesses to large multi-shareholder companies, banks, trust companies and other financial institutions, and to individuals. Located in Halifax – Dartmouth, BOYNECLARKE LLP lawyers serve clients across Nova Scotia and Atlantic Canada. We can provide practical business focused advice to clients operating and growing businesses in today’s complex business environment.

Advising and Representing Businesses

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Areas of Focus

Corporate Structuring

Businesses can take many forms, including: sole proprietorships, general, limited or unlimited liability partnerships, corporations, or nonprofit corporations. Defining a corporate structure is important for companies as structure outlines the ownership, control and authority of the organization. BOYNECLARKE LLP’s knowledge can help clients in deciding how their business should be structured taking into consideration, among other things, taxation and liability matters.

Commercial Agreements

Commercial agreements are contracts between two or more parties who want to formalize a commercial arrangement. They can be simple or very complex. BOYNECLARKE LLP assists clients in negotiation, drafting and implementation of their business agreements, including financing, shareholder, loan and security, leasing, licensing, sales and distribution and employment agreements. We can help you analyze your business processes and document contracts and policies aimed to keep you out of trouble and focused on business development.


Businesses may distribute their products to consumers and other businesses either directly or indirectly through intermediaries. For many of our clients, controlling the supply chain is a key element of their strategic plan. Commercial distribution, supplier, warehouse storage, and shipping contracts are important documents that should be prepared to accurately document your business relationships. Contracts can be simple or complicated, but they should be customized to your specific business requirements. We have represented manufacturers, sales agents, distributors, wholesalers, and storage facilities and can help you negotiate and document agreements with the objective of protecting your bottom line.


Franchise businesses are confronted with a variety of legal issues arising from contracts, business, labour and employment, and intellectual property matters. Consequently, both franchisors and franchisees often require advice from lawyers with a diverse range of experience. Our Franchise Law Team assists and advises franchisors and franchisees from a variety of industries on a full spectrum of matters, including: purchases, sales and financing; the drafting and negotiation of agreements and disclosure documents; intellectual property matters; and litigation.


Our team is well-versed in the role of corporate governance in the performance of organizations. We advise people and organizations on the roles and responsibilities of board directors, trustees, shareholders and individuals holding fiduciary positions. When creating governance structures, it is important to consider and balance the interests of stakeholders, creditors, regulators, consumers, employees and the general public. We can help clients create governance structures that improve organizational effectiveness, in both public and private, profit and not-for-profit sectors.


Outsourcing can be a useful tool to maximize a business’s internal strengths, decrease overhead, and make use of outside expertise. Outsourcing work may include, among other things, bookkeeping, technical support, specialized services and product manufacturing. Businesses may outsource to companies or individuals, on long or short-term contracts. It is important to consult with a lawyer as outsourcing increases the complexity of a business’s operations and can add risk by entrusting aspects of a business to outside contractors.

Supplier Contracts

Contracts between businesses and their suppliers should be comprehensive, including all the terms and conditions necessary to ensure a smooth delivery of products or services, as well as financial security and predictability within the business relationship. In addition to delivery dates, costs, and descriptions of goods or services, supplier contracts might include training and support stipulations, warranties or liability clauses.

Presentations We Offer

If you are looking for a speaker for a meeting or a special event please email us at [email protected]. Click here for a list of presentations we offer.

Business Operations Team

Stephen M. Campbell

(902) 407-6479

M. Lindsay Hawker

(902) 460-3445

Christene H. Hirschfeld, KC, ICD.D

(902) 460-3413

Shafic A. Khouri

(902) 460-3433

Marc LeClair

(902) 460-3408

Alanna Mayne, TEP

(902) 407-6484

Denny L. Pickup

(902) 460-3438

Kelly J. Powell

(902) 460-3458

Leah D. Rimmer

(902) 460-3459

Liana M. Rintoul

Ted R. Sawa

(902) 460-3437

Peter D. Stanhope

(902) 460-3448

Andrew S. Wolfson, KC

(902) 460-3415

Natalie J. Woodbury, TEP

(902) 460-3449

David A. Collins

(902) 460-3453

Elizabeth K. Taylor


Lola O. (Agbaje-Williams) Williams-Afolabi

(902) 460-3402

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You have questions and we have answers.

Business Operations frequently asked questions.
Should I incorporate my business venture?
Businesses are incorporated in order to limit the business person’s liability or allow him or her to take advantage of certain tax benefits. These are matters which should be discussed with your lawyer.
What is a sole proprietorship?
A sole proprietor is an individual who carries on business with a view to profit. Any income generated by the business is taxed as personal income in the hands of the business person, and any liabilities that arise from the business belong to that person. The income is taxed at the person’s normal tax rate and business expenses which are incurred can be deducted in calculating taxable income.

If the sole proprietor carries on business under a name other than his or her own, that name must be registered as a business name with the Registry of Joint Stock Companies.
What is a partnership?
A partnership is the relationship between two or more individuals or companies carrying on business with a view to profit. As is the case with sole proprietors, the income generated by the business will be taxed in the hands of each of the partners, and the liabilities belong to the partners. Again, as is the case with sole proprietors, if the partners carry on business other than under their own names, the name must be registered with the Registry of Joint Stock Companies.

In Nova Scotia, partnerships are governed by the Partnerships and Business Act. That statute provides that in the absence of an agreement to the contrary, among other things, all partners are equal and that on the death of one partner, the partnership automatically dissolves. For this reason alone, it is very important that you enter into a partnership agreement.
What is a company?
A company is a business structure incorporated under a statute. Most companies in Nova Scotia are incorporated under the Companies Act.

A company is owned by its shareholders. The shareholders elect one or more directors, and the directors, in turn, appoint officers. The officers usually include the president and secretary, but may also include one or more vice-presidents, a treasurer, a Chief Executive Officer and many others.

When you incorporate a company, you create a separate person in the eyes of the law. That means that the company has its own assets and liabilities, and its income is taxed in its hands. If certain requirements of the Income Tax Act are met, the company’s income may be taxed at a significantly lower rate than if it were earned by the individual shareholders as sole proprietors or partners. We would be happy to discuss with you whether your business would qualify for these preferred tax rates.

Recent Blog Posts

Blog Post | Wednesday February 24, 2021

Who Owns the IP? Is it the Employer or the Employee?

Posted in: Business Law

Intellectual Property (IP) ownership rules determine whether an Employer or an Employee holds rights to the creation at hand. Although IP covers a broad range of federal laws and statutory rights, the three most relevant to Employers in Canada are Patents, Copyright and Trademarks.

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Blog Post | Wednesday February 17, 2021

Trademark Usage: Simple Rules of the Road

Posted in: Business Law

The display of trademarks causes a tension between legal requirements and marketing priorities. It often requires a delicate balancing of trademark notices and visual appearance considerations.

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Blog Post | Tuesday December 8, 2020

TRADEMARKS: The Perspective of the Average Consumer

Posted in: Business Law

In a court of law, a judge must often assess a person’s act or omission against a certain legal standard of human conduct to determine whether that person’s behaviour was harmful or unlawful.

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Blog Post | Friday March 27, 2020

Impact of COVID-19 on Contractual Obligations

Posted in: Business Law Business Litigation COVID-19

In light of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), many businesses are confronted with questions about the legal and regulatory implications.

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Blog Post | Monday March 30, 2015

Incorporating Your Medical Practice: It’s Never Too Early To Talk About It

Authored by: Craig Arsenault, Articling Clerk Posted in: Business Law

Far too many Physicians lose out on significant financial benefits by waiting until they are five, ten or fifteen years into their practice before they decide to incorporate. Don’t let that be you! When you are a Medical Resident, especially one in the final year of your residency, it is important

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